Pony / Horses Dental Issues & Care

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    Pony / Horses Dental Issues & Care

    Similar to people, horses, particularly ponies, can have a variety of dental problems. For the horse’s health and wellbeing, proper dental care is crucial.

    The following are some typical dental conditions that might affect horses and ponies.

    Periodontal Disease:
    Just like people, horses are susceptible to oral and gum conditions. The accumulation of microorganisms and food particles may be the cause of this. The effects of periodontal disease include tooth loss, discomfort, and infection.

    Fracture teeth:
    Accidents or chewing on hard things can break teeth, which can cause fractures. These fractures can be uncomfortable, necessitating dental treatment, possibly even tooth extraction.

    Infundibular teeth issues:
    Small flaws or holes called infundibular cavities can be seen in a horse’s teeth. They may build up feed and debris, which might cause an infection and dental issues.

    Wolf teeth:
    Found at the front of a horse’s mouth, wolf teeth are tiny, frequently vestigial teeth. They can irritate the horse and interfere with the bit, especially when being ridden. Wolf teeth are frequently extracted, usually from young horses.

    Hooks and Ramps:
    When a horse chews, hooks and ramps, which are atypical dental surfaces, may develop and cause painful contact points. Veterinarians or equine dentists can treat them with dental floating.

    A horse’s teeth may occasionally grow excessively, which might interfere with eating. Quidding (dropping partially chewed food), weight loss, and colic can all be caused by this overgrowth.

    Dental alignment issues called malocclusions occur when the teeth do not correctly line up. Sharp points and uneven wear on the teeth may occur from this. This may eventually result in discomfort, trouble chewing, and even weight loss.

    Dental Points:
    Molars are particularly susceptible to developing dental points, which are sharp edges. These spikes might irritate the tongue or cut the cheeks. To avoid this problem, regular dental floating, which entails filing down these spots, is crucial.

    Dental Formula

    Ponies and horses should follow the following dental formula:

    Permanent teeth in adults:

    There are six upper and six lower incisors, with a third of each on top and bottom.

    • Tushes (or canines): 0/0. While some horses lack canines, others may have little canines.
    • Premolars: 12 upper and 12 lower premolars, with 3/3 on top and 3/3 on bottom on each side.
    • Molars: 12 upper and 12 lower molars, 3/3 on top and 3/3 on bottom on each side.
    • Incisors: 3/3 on top and 3/3 on bottom, totaling 6 upper and 6 lower deciduous incisors in foals (temporary or deciduous teeth).
    • Canine teeth: 0/0.

    Dental Care of Pony Horses

    Age and Dental Care:
    Dental care needs change with age. Young ponies may need their deciduous (baby) teeth to be examined, while older ponies may develop issues related to wear and tear on their permanent teeth. Dental care should be tailored to your pony’s age and specific needs.

    Oral Hygiene:
    You may assist your pony’s dental health in addition to receiving expert dental treatment by practicing proper oral hygiene. This can entail offering access to clean, fresh water and feeding with softer foods if necessary.

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